Essential Vitamins and Minerals for Dogs

Updated: Jul 3, 2020



Is your dog is getting the right vitamins and minerals? This is a question many of us ask ourselves. Most home cooked diets and commercial diets either include synthetic vitamins or are required to add them to make the diet "Complete". Synthetic vitamins are harmful to dogs in many ways. A Synthetic vitamin is just a fraction of what would be found in naturally occurring vitamin. It is missing the important cofactors that make it work.

Synthetic Vitamins can be unpredictable and can even cause an increases risk of cancer and other health issues.


Your dog should get these vitamins and minerals as naturally as possible. The vitamins and minerals in these essential canine functional superfoods will help your dog fight disease, boost energy and maintain good health in general.



Vitamin A: Carrots, spinach, liver, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, fish oil, eggs, turnip greens, watermelon, mangoes

Vitamin D: Marine fish oil, fatty fish, egg yolks, dairy products, liver, beef, cottage cheese

Vitamin E: Plant oils, leafy green vegetables, seeds, wheat germ, liver, papaya, mangoes

Vitamin K: Liver, leafy green vegetables, milk, cabbage, fish, papaya, blueberries

Vitamin C: Fruits, vegetables, organ meats, watermelon, papaya, blueberries, oranges, mangoes

Vitamin B: nutritional or brewers yeast, liver, beans, Green Vegetables, spirulina, nuts, dairy products

Calcium: Milk, yogurt, tofu, sardines with bones, raw bones, bok choy, green beans, broccoli, cauliflower, papaya

Phosphorous: All animal tissues, eggs, fish, milk

Magnesium: Spinach, broccoli, green beans, tomato, beans, seafood, papaya

Potassium, Sodium and Chloride: Fruits, vegetables, milk, papaya, banana

Zinc: Spinach, broccoli, yogurt, beef, poultry, vegetables

Sulfur: All protein foods (meats, fish, poultry, eggs, legumes and milk)

Iron: Red meats, Fish, poultry, shellfish, eggs, Legumes

Iodine: Iodized salt, seafood, dairy products, kelp

Selenium: Seafood, meat and vegetables

Copper: Seafood, nuts, whole grains, seeds, legumes, bananas

Manganese: Nuts, whole grains, leafy vegetables

Chromium: Lean meat, brewer’s yeast

Cobalt: Liver, kidney, fruit, vegetables

Fluorine: Available in water

Molybdenum: Legumes and organ meats

Silicon: vegetables, beans and peas

Rotating these foods into your dog’s diet can improve the quality of life for your dog. For some time, I was making home cooked diets adding Synthetic vitamins into their meals to ensure their diets where "Balanced" and "Complete" Something I have learned over time is that there is no such thing as "Balance" or "Complete". This can be achieved over time feeding the right foods.


You may be wondering how I feed my dogs now. I will tell you my dogs are on a rotational mono raw diet. They eat Fruits and Plants on the same day, and they have raw meat on other days. Never on the same day. I rotate through every appropriate fruit and vegetable over weeks to achieve a natural balance. No added vitamins other than a digestive enzyme to help with the transition from cooked meat to raw. In my next blog post I will discuss in more detail about the Mono Rotational Raw Diet and what I have learned so far.

Sources: Dogs Naturally, The Bark, Healings Diets for Dogs and Cats

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